Oral Health Topics
  1. Dental Emergencies
  2. Coping with Dental Anxiety
  3. When should orthodontic treatment begin?
  4. What is adult orthodontics?
  5. What is a Root Canal?

1. Dental Emergencies

Below are some tips for dealing with dental emergencies.
Please do not hesitate to call us on 055 891 6368/050 552 1139 in case of an emergency.

Bitten Lip or Tongue Clean the area gently with a cloth and apply cold compresses to reduce any swelling. If the bleeding doesn’t stop, go to a hospital emergency room immediately. Broken Tooth Rinse your mouth with warm water to clean the area. Use cold compresses on the area to keep any swelling down. Call your dentist immediately. Knocked Out Tooth Hold the tooth by the crown and rinse off the root of the tooth in water if it’s dirty. Do not scrub it or remove any attached tissue fragments. If possible, gently insert and hold the tooth in its socket. If that isn’t possible, put the tooth in a cup of milk and get to the dentist as quickly as possible. Remember to take the tooth with you! Toothache Rinse your mouth with warm water to clean it out. Gently use dental floss or an interdentally cleaner to ensure that there is no food or other debris caught between the teeth. Never put aspirin or any other painkiller against the gums near the aching tooth because it may burn the gum tissue. If the pain persists, contact your dentist. 2. Coping with Dental Anxiety Dentistry has advanced considerably in the last ten years. Today a visit to the dentist is not necessarily associated with pain and discomfort. With advances in cosmetic dentistry, patients can modify, enhance or completely change their smile. All this can be done under local anesthesia where patients experience little or no pain. If you are feeling tense or anxious, do tell your dentist. Voicing your concerns will allow your dentist to adapt the treatment to your needs. Quick Tip:Try to choose a time for your dental visit when you're less likely to be rushed or under pressure. For some people, that means a Saturday or an early-morning appointment. 3. When should orthodontic treatment begin ? Malocclusions often become noticeable between the ages of 6 and 12, as the child’s permanent (adult) teeth erupt. Orthodontic treatment often begins between ages 8 and 14. Treatment that begins while a child is growing helps produce optimal results. As a result, children should have an orthodontic evaluation during this time. By then, they have a mix of primary (baby) teeth and their permanent (adult) teeth. Examination of the dentition during this phase enables the dentist to assess the growth patterns, which allow the orthodontist to make the best possible treatment plan. 4. What is adult orthodonitcs ? Children aren’t the only ones who can benefit from orthodontics. If you’re an adult, it’s not too late to correct problems such as crooked or crowded teeth, overbites, incorrect jaw position, or jaw-joint disorders. The biological process involved in moving teeth is the same at any age. Adults undergoing orthodontic treatment will have to wait a little longer to see the results of the treatment in comparison to children who undergo orthodontic treatment. However whatever your age it is never too late to improve your oral health and enhance your smile. 5. What is root canal ? Within the tooth lies the pulp- this is the soft tissue of the tooth that contains nerves, blood vessels and connective tissue. The pulp can get infected as a result of deep decay, which allows the ingress of bacteria, which leads to infection. This infection will cause pain and swelling if left untreated. It may also cause damage to the surrounding bone.

The purpose of Root Canal Treatment is to treat the infection in the pulp. This involves one to three visits. The process is as follows:
  • The patient is given a local anesthetic
  • An access cavity (opening) is made through the crown of the tooth to get to the pulp chamber.
  • The pulp is removed and the pulp chamber is cleaned with the use of fine instruments called files.
  • The pulp canals are cleaned, shaped and enlarged.
  • Medications may be put in the pulp chamber and canal to disinfect it and prevent further infection.
  • A temporary filling is placed on the crown of the tooth to protect it between dental visits. The dentist may prescribe an oral antibiotic depending on the severity of infection.
  • On the next visit the temporary filling materials removed and the root canals and pulp chambers are completely sealed with a filling material.
  • The tooth will need to be protected after the root canal treatment. Placing a crown over the tooth is necessary to ensure that your restored tooth lasts you for a long time- possibly even a lifetime if you care for your teeth and gums.